non profit pregnancy center The conversion of commodity value into cost price + profit (k+p) includes the possibility of deviation from the residual value. Because profits for more than the balance of cost price, and the cost price is less than the goods value, it provides the individual capitalists in cost price above and below the value of the possibility of selling goods, so that to achieve the profit with the goods actually contains surplus value does not agree in number. The capitalist makes use of the difference between the value of the commodity and the cost price, as a driving force in the market competition. As the competition between different production department and the free flow of capital, make different special margin balance into average profit margins or average profit margins, so that the profits further into average profit, realize the amount of capital to achieve the same amount of profit. In the usual case, the average profit and the surplus value are inconsistent in quantity. The average profit is proportionately proportional to the total amount of capital in advance and not the amount of live labor that is governed by individual capital. This and make an objective truth, essentially profits is the product of capital, it is nothing to do with labor, in this way, capital on the relationship between the wage labor to make money and to be make, will be further. 4. The determination of accounting earnings shall follow the principle of revenue confirmation. The current accounting practice and the law's view of earnings are still: only after the relevant conditions of the asset value increase are met, the benefits can be generated. Income and appreciation must be measured objectively, determined or unalterable, and must be verified through some business or accounting matters. In other words, the determination of accounting income should be based on the following two principles: the realization principle of income determination and the prudent principle of income determination. According to the realization principle of revenue recognition, the enterprise income should be divided into operating income and profit and loss. The determination of operating earnings must happen in selling goods or services and other key issues, and the profit and loss refers to the production of the assets held realized gains and losses, unrealized gains and losses caused by price change is not confirmed. According to the principle of steady earnings determine when a has a variety of economic business accounting methods for when the choice, should choose the most don't overestimate the method of income, it should not be overestimated revenues and should not be underestimated cost two aspects. This sharp reversal contrasts with the flattening of the previous yield curve. It is also worth noting that in 1985, the financial accounting standards board released the concept of income from the concept framework (SFAC)NO. 6. In 1989, the international accounting standards board's framework for preparing and providing financial statements made clear that benefits also included unrealized gains. In 1997, FASB's FASB N0.130 required a full return; In 1998, IASC's IAS NO.1 required the preparation of an equity change table, a comprehensive income statement, including the benefit of reflecting corporate assets. Value theory of the many contradictions and arguments, essentially derives from the different definitions of value, originated in the people for the different understanding of the concept of value, value, from the perspective of physics can put the theory of value based on the foundation of natural science, with a high degree of accuracy, objectivity and rationality, so that the value theory of widespread vagueness, subjectivity and ambiguity naturally are addressed. As social things all the movement and the change of value relation is in essence the motion and change, so the value theory is the foundation of social science theory, if the value theory is built on the basis of natural science, can greatly promote the fusion and unity of the social science and natural science, but also make the social science become subservient to the natural sciences. The value was originally derived from the special material system, the preordering movement of dissipative structure, and the "ordering energy" was the original "value". With the continuous evolution of human beings, "ordering energy" further developed into "generalized and orderly energy", which gradually became the real human value. In a word, the value is derived from the nature, and with the evolution of the human evolution, the development of the society, the development trend of value of ultimate principle is only the movement of the material world and labor of human society. The rubber hose in the engine compartment will be used for a long time and it will be a problem for older vehicles. Once aging, gasoline can leak into the engine compartment. The air conditioning system will allow the smell of petrol to enter the car. Therefore, once the rubber tube is old, need to change promptly!