largest non profits It is not obvious in some analyses, but it is important to note that economic profits include opportunity costs. The profit of an entrepreneur (normal profit) is usually positive, but economic profit can be either positive or negative (loss). That's why the opportunity cost is included: in a completely competitive market, when marginal cost equals marginal revenue, profit maximization or loss minimization conditions arise. If the market price is lower than the total average cost, which means that the economic profit is negative, the entrepreneur needs to compare the value of the loss and the average variable cost. If the business continues to operate, the negative economic profit must not be lower than the average variable cost, otherwise the entrepreneur would rather shut down the company than continue to take the loss. The response to single factor value is trend. The tendency is the selection bias produced by the stimulation of the organism on a single environmental factor, which is the directional response form of the organism to the external stimulus, including the two basic forms of orientation and avoidance. The tropism has the tendency of phototropism, thermal tendency, wetness, tendency, and oxygenicity. It has the avoidance of light, heat, moisture, anaerobic and so on. For example, the acidity of paramecium, the thermal tendency of bedbugs and the phototropism of insects. The trend is the common response of low biological cells, biological tissues and protozoa. Tropism is in a series of internal inductance organically combined in a certain direction, to form a structure of ordering, and external single environment factor to form a single reaction, the biological function between the body and the external environment on the coherent function, to accelerate the ordering of the body development. When this series of inductivity is combined in a positive way, the tendency is formed. When this series of induction is combined in reverse, it forms a negative trend - the avoidance. In summary, the trend is the most elementary preordinate response to the external things of single factor value. The black-tie awards ceremony was held on 15 June at the Royal Armouries in Leeds, at the centre of the country’s great east-west glass manufacturing corridor – where nine out of ten of the UK’s largest glass manufacturers have production sites. The American petroleum institute (API) released data showing a decline in U.S. crude oil and refined refining inventories, while gasoline inventories rose. The new classic "perfect" price mechanism Lindsay Judge, a policy analyst at the foundation, said many employers were using loopholes in the law that allow agency workers to sign away their right to equal pay.