apple profits 2013 Compression ratio 4. The determination of accounting earnings shall follow the principle of revenue confirmation. The current accounting practice and the law's view of earnings are still: only after the relevant conditions of the asset value increase are met, the benefits can be generated. Income and appreciation must be measured objectively, determined or unalterable, and must be verified through some business or accounting matters. In other words, the determination of accounting income should be based on the following two principles: the realization principle of income determination and the prudent principle of income determination. According to the realization principle of revenue recognition, the enterprise income should be divided into operating income and profit and loss. The determination of operating earnings must happen in selling goods or services and other key issues, and the profit and loss refers to the production of the assets held realized gains and losses, unrealized gains and losses caused by price change is not confirmed. According to the principle of steady earnings determine when a has a variety of economic business accounting methods for when the choice, should choose the most don't overestimate the method of income, it should not be overestimated revenues and should not be underestimated cost two aspects. There is no risk of this arbitrage. Range and once the two currencies yield, the yield of arbitrage mechanism will make two currencies are equal, that is, different interest rates in the currency of the country there is inherently a trend towards an equalization and trend, it is the interest rate index key aspects of the impact of foreign exchange to, also is our interpretation and grasp the key interest rate index. This year, ms lagarde said there was a marked slowdown in activity and the UK's recent performance was According to the company's website, the company mainly engaged in import and export trade finance, trade, insurance intermediary business, financial institutions and foreign exchange hedging and risk management related business. The company claims that its low-latency, high-frequency forex trading platform is driven by artificial intelligence and machine learning technology.