profit and loss accounts for dummies
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profit and loss accounts for dummies

"People say 'oh, those experts', but we're seeing what we call potential risks being rolled out. This is not what the experts say, this is what the economy is showing. " The category of surplus value clearly reflects the antagonism between capital and labor, because it is the multiplication of variable capital and is possessed by the capitalist without compensation; And the category of profit, it seems, means that capital itself can create a new value. This reversal is the inevitable product of capitalist mode of production. First, because the constant capital + variable capital (c+v) consumed by the capitalist production is converted into cost price, thus concealing the essential difference between the invariant capital (c) and the variable capital (v); Second, because Labour costs into wages, show the labor remuneration, so surplus value into profit, has nothing to do with laborer labor, virtually the only product of the total capital; Finally, the surplus value into profit, on the premise of rate of surplus value into profit margins, namely by means of profit margins, only costs more than the forehead has translate into profits, further into the upfront costs in a certain cycle period more than the balance of its own price. In real life, industry companies is usually based on the established level of profitability, and then obtained the expected LiRunLiang on profit margins by prepaid cost, but it is not a subjective illusion, but objectively completely possible. The scientific argument and practice shows that this profit is actually the increment of variable cost. In short, profit is an intrinsic or an entity, while the rest is an external phenomenon or form. Gasoline is produced and sold according to the brand name, and the specifications of the brand are regulated by national gasoline product standards and are related to different standards. At present, there are 3 gasoline license plates in China (IV), which are 90, 93 and 97 respectively. The state (V) is 89, 92 and 95 respectively (98 in the appendix). The number of gasoline is divided by octane number. For example, gasoline on 97 refers to a gasoline fuel equivalent to 97 percent of isooctane and 3 percent of n-heptane resistance. The larger the label, the better the anti-knock performance. Depending on the engine compression ratio, you should choose the different brand of gasoline, which will be indicated on the manual of each vehicle. A mid-range sedan with a compression ratio of 8.5-9.5 should generally use the 90 (country IV) gasoline, and the car with a compression ratio of 9.5 should use the gasoline of 93 (country IV). The report also supports the government's plan to cut its annual budget deficit this year.