what is gross profit margin ratio The research analysed five years’ trading connection between 1000 UK individuals split evenly into three age-based groups: 18-30, 30-50 and 50+, while using highest age being over 80. The five years ended in October 09 and so covered bull and bear markets, the banking collapse of 2008 and the volatile 2008/9 markets. It said the budget crunch was necessary to undermine Britain's fiscal position in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis. But the fund questioned whether the fiscal sector relied on spending cuts to reduce the deficit, adding that it should be seen as part of further measures. A CBI survey of 109 companies this month found that online sales of black Friday and cyber Monday were "unremarkable".