governance models for non profit organizations Micron has not seen the arrival of a plentiful supply, instead saying that DRAM and NAND demand changes are long-term and sustainable. That means other DRAM and NAND providers will have similar views in coming quarters. Any transaction can be seen as a contract between the two parties. The so-called transaction cost can be seen as the cost of the transaction contract. According to Mr Coase and others, a type of transaction costs arise from the accidental factors that occur when a deal is signed. These incidental factors may not be written into the contract due to the fact that they could not be foreseen in advance, or although they could be foreseen, they could not be written into the contract due to too many factors. Another type of transaction costs is the signing of contracts and the cost of monitoring and enforcing contracts. Hybrid cars, which add an internal combustion engine to pure electric vehicles, aim to reduce the pollution of cars and improve the mileage of pure electric vehicles. Hybrid vehicles have serial and parallel structure. Market is the inevitable product of the division of labor and the development of commodity economy. At the same time, the market also promotes the social division of labor and the further development of commodity economy during its development and expansion. The market through information feedback directly affects the production of people, how much production, and the market time, product sales status, etc.; Middle link commodity economy development process, supply and sale, the parties to provide production, supply and sale parties exchange places and other exchange, exchange time, to realize the commodity producers, operators and consumers their own economic interests. A report by the GMB union this summer warned that the number of workers who could be dismissed at short notice was nearer 10 million. Compression ratio refers to the ratio between the total volume of the cylinder and the volume of the combustion chamber, which indicates the degree of gas compression in the cylinder when the piston moves from the lower stop to the upper stop. Compression ratio is an important parameter to measure the performance of automobile engine.