determine profit margin It said the budget crunch was necessary to undermine Britain's fiscal position in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis. But the fund questioned whether the fiscal sector relied on spending cuts to reduce the deficit, adding that it should be seen as part of further measures. The proposed acquisition of calcium chloride will improve the self-balancing ability of chlorine and alkali and guarantee the stability of industrial chain The petrol is overfilled The petrol is overfilled Palmer said: "I'm worried about the British retailers are now in the midst of a perfect storm, interest rate decisions in November, rising inflation, real wages, falling credit availability and the UK to take off the European uncertainty increased, these during the Christmas season for caused an unprecedented pressure on household budgets, pushed consumer confidence to historic lows. "Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits.