cost centre vs profit centre The category of surplus value clearly reflects the antagonism between capital and labor, because it is the multiplication of variable capital and is possessed by the capitalist without compensation; And the category of profit, it seems, means that capital itself can create a new value. This reversal is the inevitable product of capitalist mode of production. First, because the constant capital + variable capital (c+v) consumed by the capitalist production is converted into cost price, thus concealing the essential difference between the invariant capital (c) and the variable capital (v); Second, because Labour costs into wages, show the labor remuneration, so surplus value into profit, has nothing to do with laborer labor, virtually the only product of the total capital; Finally, the surplus value into profit, on the premise of rate of surplus value into profit margins, namely by means of profit margins, only costs more than the forehead has translate into profits, further into the upfront costs in a certain cycle period more than the balance of its own price. In real life, industry companies is usually based on the established level of profitability, and then obtained the expected LiRunLiang on profit margins by prepaid cost, but it is not a subjective illusion, but objectively completely possible. The scientific argument and practice shows that this profit is actually the increment of variable cost. In short, profit is an intrinsic or an entity, while the rest is an external phenomenon or form. How to create a more inclusive and fairer society for different creators? A study from PBS shows that diversity helps develop better products and systems. Because economists understand earnings as actual material wealth increase, accounting experts think the output value of more than the difference between the input value is profits, there is a contradiction and two kinds of income concept. The specific performance is: In November, AdDuplex released its November Surface device share data, where the Surface Pro 4 is currently the most popular product, accounting for 39.7% of Surface devices. The newly released Surface Pro(2017) accounts for 9.2%, roughly the total of the Surface Book(7.5%) and the Surface Laptop (2.0%). In the light of monetary crisis 2007 - 2010, many companies have had to trim their spending. Meanwhile, in the earlier years, they donated immeasureable dollars. Although there remained many big corporations which still gave away billions to charity within the global slowdown, others slimmed down their funds donations. In 2009, many company gained bigger profits, but this would not translate into bigger donations. Tough economic times can't prevent America's largest business from continuing giving in 2009. 30% of the large corporations gave more cash, and 16% gave a comparable because the year before. In general, total of 68 companies gave less during 2009 than 2008. Cash and product giving combined fell the first time for recent seven years. The following is a summary of companies which gave most during 2009. They were measured by comparing total giving in cash and products during 2009 to total profits in the year before.