profit turnaround Western economists further point out that the main factor that leads to the difference between trading costs in markets and businesses is the incompleteness of information. Because of the incompleteness of the information. Any party of a contract will be trying to collect, information and access to what they didn't have to monitor each other's behavior, and try to constraints, and afterwards to punish in advance of each other's default behavior and so on. All these practices produce transaction costs. As a result of these practices in the market and the enterprise can take different forms, so the corresponding transaction costs is not the same, in particular, under the condition of asymmetric information, in the process of market transactions, transaction cost, as a result of these practices are often very high. Therefore, through the organizational form of enterprises, some market transactions can be internalized to eliminate or reduce the high transaction costs generated by some market exchanges. Canning's view Managing a business's operations, marketing and purchases activities and expense management are just some from the decisions that management needs to deal with. After they have designed a assist the company will then must decide what to do with those profits. Among the choices for using income is: operations, returning cash to shareholders, or keeping profit reserve for future use. In this article we discuss how you can calculate expanding the figure that's reported as retained earnings on balance sheets and presenting a review of why a company would want to keep a reserve.