profit before tax ratio formula If W on behalf of commodity value, k represents the cost, with p represents the profit, so, as the money into profit, the capitalist conditions of commodity value, namely, W = c + v + m = k + m, on further into W = k + p, i.e. goods value + profit into the cost price. In the late 20th century, in the context of China's reform and opening up and modernization, and the influx of new concepts in the field of information technology, the meaning of "enterprise" changed. On the one hand, a large number of "enterprises" have emerged in the non-planned economy. On the other hand, in some new concepts, the meaning is not limited to commercial or for-profit organizations, which are currently mainly derived from the translation of the word "enterprise" in English. Therefore, the word "enterprise" appears in public media in two ways: The Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy sponsored award is one of the most competitive categories in the Trade Association Forum’s annual awards. It recognises a successful initiative, by a trade association, to tackle an important issue that will drive the future prosperity and growth of its members. In November 2017, Advisor Perspectives published an article said that in addition to the improvement of fuel efficiency, petrol consumption decline is due in large part to the following factors: the ageing staff away from the workplace; The home office model is developing more and more; Social media takes the place of face-to-face communication, and travel is unnecessary. More and more young people are no longer driving their cars. And urban population growth accelerated, reducing per capita gasoline dependence.