profitability measure The category of surplus value clearly reflects the antagonism between capital and labor, because it is the multiplication of variable capital and is possessed by the capitalist without compensation; And the category of profit, it seems, means that capital itself can create a new value. This reversal is the inevitable product of capitalist mode of production. First, because the constant capital + variable capital (c+v) consumed by the capitalist production is converted into cost price, thus concealing the essential difference between the invariant capital (c) and the variable capital (v); Second, because Labour costs into wages, show the labor remuneration, so surplus value into profit, has nothing to do with laborer labor, virtually the only product of the total capital; Finally, the surplus value into profit, on the premise of rate of surplus value into profit margins, namely by means of profit margins, only costs more than the forehead has translate into profits, further into the upfront costs in a certain cycle period more than the balance of its own price. In real life, industry companies is usually based on the established level of profitability, and then obtained the expected LiRunLiang on profit margins by prepaid cost, but it is not a subjective illusion, but objectively completely possible. The scientific argument and practice shows that this profit is actually the increment of variable cost. In short, profit is an intrinsic or an entity, while the rest is an external phenomenon or form. Some western economists believe that enterprises as an organizational form of production are, in part, an alternative to the market. The international monetary fund welcomes the progress of Brexit, but warns that the timetable is ambitious - corporate life "Task list including trade agreement with the European Union, and about 60 countries negotiate a new agreement, by replacing Britain's current political party, joining the European Union to strengthen the human and the customs and other services IT resources, and translate thousands of eu law into domestic laws and regulations. " But since the company is listed through the A+ rule (Regulation A +), the information disclosed is extremely limited. So-called A + rules, from April 2012, then President barack Obama signed A jobs bill, the bill is put forward to encourage startups getting broader capital channel, including the raise and the public markets. Followed by Edwards and bear published in his 1961 book "the theory of corporate earnings and measurement of the current operating profit is defined as the sales revenue more than the amount of current production and cost of sales, which can realize the cost savings is in this issue of asset price increases, which can realize the history of the cost savings are the pin commodity costs and the difference between the current purchase price; The realized capital gains are the amount of sales revenue greater than the historical cost when dealing with long-term assets. They argue that "these incremental sums provide investors with a reasonable starting point for measuring the scale of relative affluence and a detailed analysis of the company's operating results and comparable financial conditions". They stress that any full income analysis should take into account both realized and unrealized benefits and classify them by source. When are advantageous to occur, such as no record, will not only lead to current income can't reflect, but also can lead to later to sell assets to income and related costs to wrong ratio; Operating earnings and, on the other hand, the production gains is usually produced by different management decisions, and adopted different circulation form, therefore, make the same comment on both, will weaken the role of the income statement.