what to buy and sell to make profit Followed by Edwards and bear published in his 1961 book "the theory of corporate earnings and measurement of the current operating profit is defined as the sales revenue more than the amount of current production and cost of sales, which can realize the cost savings is in this issue of asset price increases, which can realize the history of the cost savings are the pin commodity costs and the difference between the current purchase price; The realized capital gains are the amount of sales revenue greater than the historical cost when dealing with long-term assets. They argue that "these incremental sums provide investors with a reasonable starting point for measuring the scale of relative affluence and a detailed analysis of the company's operating results and comparable financial conditions". They stress that any full income analysis should take into account both realized and unrealized benefits and classify them by source. When are advantageous to occur, such as no record, will not only lead to current income can't reflect, but also can lead to later to sell assets to income and related costs to wrong ratio; Operating earnings and, on the other hand, the production gains is usually produced by different management decisions, and adopted different circulation form, therefore, make the same comment on both, will weaken the role of the income statement. Financial staff are used to dividing the investment payback period into long-term, intermediate and short-term periods. The term usually refers to more than five years, short term generally refers to a period of less than one year, and the middle term is somewhere in between. Managers also use long, medium and short term to describe the plan. Long-term plan describes the organization in a quite long period (usually more than 5 years) and the development direction of policy, regulation on the group's various departments over a longer period of time in some activities should reach the goal and requirements, mapped the organization long-term development blueprint. Short-term plans specifically provides for all departments of an organization in the current stage, to the future the shorter period especially in the recent period of time, which should be engaged in activities, engaged in such activities should meet the requirement, and thus provides a basis for the ACTS of all members of the organization. The form of shares is the share certificate. Different types of joint-stock enterprises, the specific form of their share certificates are different. Among them, only the limited company is used to express the company shares the form is the stock. Stock shall be recorded according to the amount of capital represented by the shares and shall be recorded by shareholders' share of capital contribution and shareholder rights for the public subscription and transfer of transactions. Holding a stock means owning a stake in a limited company, acquiring a shareholder's qualification, and exercising shareholder rights. Point six: look at the use of borrowing. The borrower's borrowing use must be clearly understood, applicable to the business turnover, the decoration shop and so on. So investors should pay close attention to the borrowers' borrowing and repayment methods. The international monetary fund (IMF) being worried, said discuss decomposition "disorderly exit may lead to the European Union, asset prices fall sharply", and is yet to be completed task list "is very long, so the time is ambitious".