what is revenue and profit The accounting income follows the historical cost principle and the matching principle, which is conducive to the objective reflection of the business management responsibility of the enterprise management authorities. But, due to the historical cost principle inherent defects, especially according to the present value of revenue and expenses by historical cost line, makes the calculation of accounting earnings lack of inner logical unity, and the matching principle is difficult to carry out, so that the book value of assets can not reflect its real value, cost cannot be fully compensated. And the economic benefit is measured in the current value, which reflects the actual value of the asset, which is beneficial to the full compensation of the cost. 6. The accounting benefit is bound by the prudent principle. According to the principle of prudence, when there are a variety of accounting methods to choose from an economic business of an enterprise, it should choose a method that neither overestimates nor depreciates the benefits. Enterprises manipulate profits to achieve homogenization of profits, most of which adopt the method of overestimating earnings, and the subjective selection of the period of value-added. Famous British economist hicks and others argue that the above theory did not consider the factor of income, and therefore unable to determine the level of interest rates, in 1937, and puts forward the is-lm model on the basis of general equilibrium theory. It establishes a theory of interest rates and income at the same time that the four factors of savings and investment, money supply and monetary demand interact.