ford profit sharing formula The concept of accounting income is called accounting income. According to the traditional view, the accounting income refers to the difference between the realized income and the corresponding expenses. It has the following characteristics: First of all, it costs transaction cost for the manufacturer to purchase intermediate products in the market. It includes the cost of seeking suitable suppliers, signing contracts and supervising contract execution. If the manufacturer can produce some intermediate products within the enterprise itself, it can eliminate or reduce some transaction costs, and can better guarantee the quality of the products. Second, if the manufacturers need is a special type of specialized equipment, the supplier does not generally willing to specialize in only a buyer of the product of the investment and production, because this kind of proprietary investment risk is bigger. Therefore, vendors that need this specialized device need to solve the problem of specialized devices within the enterprise. In the end, the manufacturers hire employees with specialized skills, such as specialized product design, cost management, and quality control, and establish long-term contractual relationships with them. This can be more beneficial than buying the corresponding services from other vendors, thereby eliminating or reducing the corresponding transaction costs. As of December 15, the number of gasoline stocks in the EIA increased by 12.37 million barrels, an increase of 173.28 million barrels, and the previous value increased by 566.4 million barrels. As of December 15, the EIA refined oil depot increased by 769 million barrels, or 14.56 million barrels. In the week ended Dec. 15, the U.S. government said an increase of 754, 000 barrels of U.S. crude oil inventory in Cushing, Oklahoma.