unrealised profit in stock The independent of interest is of positive significance to show the active role of the fund users in the reproduction process. Investment in securities is conducive to adjusting capital investment and improving the efficiency of capital use, thus guiding the rational flow of resources and realizing optimal allocation of resources. advertising The market can indeed be described as a laissez-faire pricing mechanism. However, this price mechanism does not operate in a vacuum, and does not work effectively in any social system. The basic premise of the efficient operation of the price mechanism is the implicit assumption of Smith: to recognize individual "lusts" and to clear and protect individual property rights. Clear and guaranteed personal property is the basic premise of market existence. It is necessary to recognize the personal "lusts" and to ensure that individual property rights are supported by the corresponding institutions, which are not in our society. Thus, surplus value is the intrinsic essence of profit, and profit is the phenomenon form of surplus value. Surplus value into profit, the profit and then into average profit, etc., hierarchy, the more the more escalated from abstract to concrete, it is close to the reality of capitalist society and the consciousness of the capital relationship between the parties; As a result, capital relations are becoming more and more mysterious as they leave their own source or base and get further and further away. Bourgeois economists for capitalism exploitation system, trying to deny the existence of the surplus value, no conflict between capital and employment, the product of the profit as capital itself, as the result of both production and circulation process. The so-called trinity formula of profit (interest), labor wage and land rent is the most explicit and typical defense argument of bourgeois vulgar economy. Marx's theory of profit is the transformation form of surplus value, profoundly reveals the essence and source of the profit, and profit further transformation of various concrete form again and they reflect the complexity of the capitalist production relations and class performance, thus for the proletariat and working people struggle against the bourgeoisie, and fight for the liberation of revolution provides the theory of sharp weapons.