operating profit vs net profit
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operating profit vs net profit

Two extremes can be envisaged. In an extreme case, each production is done by a single individual, such as a person making a car. In this way, the person is going to trade with a lot of intermediate goods suppliers, and also to trade with the demanders of their products. In this case, all transactions are conducted through the market in many individuals. In another extreme cases, all the production in the economy in a large enterprise, such as the complete car was produced in the enterprise interior, don't need to make any intermediate products trading market. Therefore, the same transaction can be conducted either through the organizational form of the market or through the organizational form of the enterprise. Companies exist, or companies and markets coexist, because some transactions cost less in the enterprise, while others cost less in the market. Central bankers' tasks are limited to keeping inflation stable and independence easier to maintain. Given this narrow mandate, the allocation of central bank decisions is limited. Moreover, it is easier to explain how the central bank's policy tools are linked to its political mandate. According to Jerome McCarthy, "basic marketing" : a market is a group of potential customers with the same needs; They are willing to trade the goods or services offered by the seller in exchange for something of value, which is the way to meet the demand.