most profitable small businesses uk How do firms choose their overhead cost assignment? How do firms choose optimal cash strategy determined by critical production activities that create and capture values? What is the nature and function of expense assignment? What are reasons for expense indicators or cost drivers? What are some policy implications of the Activity Based Costing in formulating effective cost assignment and spending budget strategies? Abn amro believes that after a strong 2017, precious metals will face many headwinds at the start of 2018. The bank said rising dollar and bond yields would put downward pressure on gold and silver prices in 2018. Gold is expected to trade between $1,200 / $1,250 an ounce next year. The form of shares is the share certificate. Different types of joint-stock enterprises, the specific form of their share certificates are different. Among them, only the limited company is used to express the company shares the form is the stock. Stock shall be recorded according to the amount of capital represented by the shares and shall be recorded by shareholders' share of capital contribution and shareholder rights for the public subscription and transfer of transactions. Holding a stock means owning a stake in a limited company, acquiring a shareholder's qualification, and exercising shareholder rights. At present, about the nature of the enterprise. Western economists have different views. There is also some debate. Some western economists analyze the nature of the enterprise mainly from the perspective of transaction costs that coase emphasizes. The independent of interest is of positive significance to show the active role of the fund users in the reproduction process.