difference between gross profit and net income The conversion of commodity value into cost price + profit (k+p) includes the possibility of deviation from the residual value. Because profits for more than the balance of cost price, and the cost price is less than the goods value, it provides the individual capitalists in cost price above and below the value of the possibility of selling goods, so that to achieve the profit with the goods actually contains surplus value does not agree in number. The capitalist makes use of the difference between the value of the commodity and the cost price, as a driving force in the market competition. As the competition between different production department and the free flow of capital, make different special margin balance into average profit margins or average profit margins, so that the profits further into average profit, realize the amount of capital to achieve the same amount of profit. In the usual case, the average profit and the surplus value are inconsistent in quantity. The average profit is proportionately proportional to the total amount of capital in advance and not the amount of live labor that is governed by individual capital. This and make an objective truth, essentially profits is the product of capital, it is nothing to do with labor, in this way, capital on the relationship between the wage labor to make money and to be make, will be further. 1. Rubber tube aging First of all, it costs transaction cost for the manufacturer to purchase intermediate products in the market. It includes the cost of seeking suitable suppliers, signing contracts and supervising contract execution. If the manufacturer can produce some intermediate products within the enterprise itself, it can eliminate or reduce some transaction costs, and can better guarantee the quality of the products. Second, if the manufacturers need is a special type of specialized equipment, the supplier does not generally willing to specialize in only a buyer of the product of the investment and production, because this kind of proprietary investment risk is bigger. Therefore, vendors that need this specialized device need to solve the problem of specialized devices within the enterprise. In the end, the manufacturers hire employees with specialized skills, such as specialized product design, cost management, and quality control, and establish long-term contractual relationships with them. This can be more beneficial than buying the corresponding services from other vendors, thereby eliminating or reducing the corresponding transaction costs. This is exactly where the role of team building events Melbourne companies deserves a special mention. They offer great packages at reasonable prices. In addition to that, to ensure the team building events activity find its logical end, they feature necessary equipment and trained personnel also. They offer many choices including that relating to solving a mystery, movie making, to ensure impressive and functional teams can be built. An offshore bank could be registered like a shareholder or an individual corporation. The typical objectives of offshore banks are to optimize payments, to further improve tax planning activities, and avoid excessive regulations of banking activities. They also try and provide 100% fund safety, increase the performance with the investment, and supply asset protection. The research analysed five years’ trading connection between 1000 UK individuals split evenly into three age-based groups: 18-30, 30-50 and 50+, while using highest age being over 80. The five years ended in October 09 and so covered bull and bear markets, the banking collapse of 2008 and the volatile 2008/9 markets.