non profit management masters programs In the light of monetary crisis 2007 - 2010, many companies have had to trim their spending. Meanwhile, in the earlier years, they donated immeasureable dollars. Although there remained many big corporations which still gave away billions to charity within the global slowdown, others slimmed down their funds donations. In 2009, many company gained bigger profits, but this would not translate into bigger donations. Tough economic times can't prevent America's largest business from continuing giving in 2009. 30% of the large corporations gave more cash, and 16% gave a comparable because the year before. In general, total of 68 companies gave less during 2009 than 2008. Cash and product giving combined fell the first time for recent seven years. The following is a summary of companies which gave most during 2009. They were measured by comparing total giving in cash and products during 2009 to total profits in the year before. The bank maintained its main interest rate by 0.0 percentage point and raised its 2017 GDP growth forecast by 2 percentage points to 2.4 percentage points. Securities investment refers to investors (as a legal person or natural person) to buy shares, bonds, funds, securities, and securities derivatives, in order to get dividends, interest, and capital gains investment behavior and investment process, is an important form of indirect investment.