medical non profit It is also worth noting that in 1985, the financial accounting standards board released the concept of income from the concept framework (SFAC)NO. 6. In 1989, the international accounting standards board's framework for preparing and providing financial statements made clear that benefits also included unrealized gains. In 1997, FASB's FASB N0.130 required a full return; In 1998, IASC's IAS NO.1 required the preparation of an equity change table, a comprehensive income statement, including the benefit of reflecting corporate assets. Quality control indicators include: gasoline antiknock property (research octane number, motor octane number, antiknock index), sulfur content, vapor pressure, contents of olefins, aromatics, benzene content, corrosion, distillation range, etc. In January 2014, the national general motors (gm) IV standard was used. The state administration of quality supervision and inspection and the national standards commission issued the mandatory national standards for motor vehicles in phase V. The plan is to be implemented at the end of 2016. The sulfur content is the most critical environmental protection indicator in vehicle gasoline. In order to further reduce the emission of vehicle pollutants, the national V standard lowers the sulfur content limit from 50ppm in the fourth stage to 10ppm, which is 80% lower. Manganese has the potential risk to human health, and the vehicle emission control system will also have adverse effects. According to the principle of prevention, the limit value of the manganese content indicator is reduced from 8mg/L in the fourth stage to 2mg/L, which stipulates that no artificial addition is allowed. In order to further reduce the photochemical pollution caused by the evaporation of gasoline, and reduce the gas intake system of the automobile engine, the national five standard reduced the level of olefin from 28% to 24% in the fourth stage. Due to the decrease of octane number caused by the reduction of sulfur and manganese, the number of gasoline used in phase V was adjusted from 90, 93 and 97 to 89, 92 and 95 respectively. At the same time, considering the development trend of the automobile industry, the index requirements of motor gasoline are added in the standard appendices. First of all, it costs transaction cost for the manufacturer to purchase intermediate products in the market. It includes the cost of seeking suitable suppliers, signing contracts and supervising contract execution. If the manufacturer can produce some intermediate products within the enterprise itself, it can eliminate or reduce some transaction costs, and can better guarantee the quality of the products. Second, if the manufacturers need is a special type of specialized equipment, the supplier does not generally willing to specialize in only a buyer of the product of the investment and production, because this kind of proprietary investment risk is bigger. Therefore, vendors that need this specialized device need to solve the problem of specialized devices within the enterprise. In the end, the manufacturers hire employees with specialized skills, such as specialized product design, cost management, and quality control, and establish long-term contractual relationships with them. This can be more beneficial than buying the corresponding services from other vendors, thereby eliminating or reducing the corresponding transaction costs. But administrators lost £990 a year compared to full-time employees and the average sales or customer service worker lost £800 a year. Micron has not seen the arrival of a plentiful supply, instead saying that DRAM and NAND demand changes are long-term and sustainable. That means other DRAM and NAND providers will have similar views in coming quarters. According to the adb's report, the global trade finance gap was as high as $1.5 trillion in 2016, while Asia accounted for 40 per cent of the gap. What the company wants to do is make up for the gap in trade finance by means of financial technology.