pros and cons of a non profit organization The market can indeed be described as a laissez-faire pricing mechanism. However, this price mechanism does not operate in a vacuum, and does not work effectively in any social system. The basic premise of the efficient operation of the price mechanism is the implicit assumption of Smith: to recognize individual "lusts" and to clear and protect individual property rights. Clear and guaranteed personal property is the basic premise of market existence. It is necessary to recognize the personal "lusts" and to ensure that individual property rights are supported by the corresponding institutions, which are not in our society. Any deviation from the plans can then be rectified through some type of intervention in the operation, which itself will probably involve some replanning. Deviations because of this plan are considered via a replanning activity and also the necessary interventions made to the job centre that can (hopefully) make certain that the new plan is carried out. Eventually, however, some additional deviation from planned activity is going to be detected along with the cycle is repeated. One portion of control, then, is periodic intervention in the activities of the operation. An important decision is how this intervention takes place. Loading may be the work which is invested in a work centre. For example, time might be lost while changing over from making one component to another. If your machine breaks down, it won't be available. If there is machine reliability data available, this should also be considered. Sometimes the equipment might be awaiting parts to arrive or be 'idling' for many other reason. Other losses could have an allowance for the machine being run below its optimum speed plus an allowance to the 'quality losses' or defects which your machine may produce. Of course, several losses should be small or non-existent in the well-managed operation. Finite loading is an approach which only allocates work to a work up to set limit. This limit is the estimate of capacity for that work centre (in line with the times designed for loading). Infinite loading can be an way of loading work which doesn't limit accepting work, but instead tries to handle it. We are in an era of economic, political, technological, social change and development. In this era, change and development bring both opportunities and risks to people, especially in the competition for market, resources and spheres of influence. If managers in seize opportunities and take advantage of opportunities at the same time, and to minimize risk, that is on the way forward towards the goals set up a bridge of convenient and secure, so organizations can be in an impregnable position, in the opportunities and risks of the vertical and horizontal choice, get survival and development. If you don't plan, or have no plans at all, you'll have disastrous consequences.