jcc non profit Any transaction can be seen as a contract between the two parties. The so-called transaction cost can be seen as the cost of the transaction contract. According to Mr Coase and others, a type of transaction costs arise from the accidental factors that occur when a deal is signed. These incidental factors may not be written into the contract due to the fact that they could not be foreseen in advance, or although they could be foreseen, they could not be written into the contract due to too many factors. Another type of transaction costs is the signing of contracts and the cost of monitoring and enforcing contracts. The right to promote and protect the free exchange of values between the two parties - the exchange of freedom is crucial to the participation of the future world. It is equivalent to freedom of speech in digital space. This is about equality and must be protected and seen as a human right. The income or loss of equity investment in an enterprise refers to the balance of the income of the enterprise due to the withdrawal, transfer or liquidation of the equity investment. The income from the transfer of equity investment shall be incorporated into the taxable income of the enterprise and shall pay the enterprise income tax according to law. The international monetary fund (IMF) being worried, said discuss decomposition "disorderly exit may lead to the European Union, asset prices fall sharply", and is yet to be completed task list "is very long, so the time is ambitious". But the DRAM and NAND semiconductor industries have gone from boom to bust in the face of rising prices and the abundance of falling prices. Will it be any different this time? Or is the need for mobile device memory and disk replacement sufficient to continue to delay the abundance until the foreseeable future?