role of profit in business Value theory of the many contradictions and arguments, essentially derives from the different definitions of value, originated in the people for the different understanding of the concept of value, value, from the perspective of physics can put the theory of value based on the foundation of natural science, with a high degree of accuracy, objectivity and rationality, so that the value theory of widespread vagueness, subjectivity and ambiguity naturally are addressed. As social things all the movement and the change of value relation is in essence the motion and change, so the value theory is the foundation of social science theory, if the value theory is built on the basis of natural science, can greatly promote the fusion and unity of the social science and natural science, but also make the social science become subservient to the natural sciences. Above all, they can avoid meddling in parliamentary politics, as the ECB did when Italy's silvio berlusconi government collapsed in 2011. Then they can lower their heads and hope for the best. An offshore bank could be registered like a shareholder or an individual corporation. The typical objectives of offshore banks are to optimize payments, to further improve tax planning activities, and avoid excessive regulations of banking activities. They also try and provide 100% fund safety, increase the performance with the investment, and supply asset protection. 2. P45 forms are in four parts, part 1 is retained with the issuing employer and the employee retains part 1 A and may hand parts 2 and 3 for the new employer. The new employer cannot make use of the P45 tax details unless both parts are given over. If either part 2 or 3 with the P45 form is missing then this employee must be asked to complete the Inland Revenue P46 form. First of all, it costs transaction cost for the manufacturer to purchase intermediate products in the market. It includes the cost of seeking suitable suppliers, signing contracts and supervising contract execution. If the manufacturer can produce some intermediate products within the enterprise itself, it can eliminate or reduce some transaction costs, and can better guarantee the quality of the products. Second, if the manufacturers need is a special type of specialized equipment, the supplier does not generally willing to specialize in only a buyer of the product of the investment and production, because this kind of proprietary investment risk is bigger. Therefore, vendors that need this specialized device need to solve the problem of specialized devices within the enterprise. In the end, the manufacturers hire employees with specialized skills, such as specialized product design, cost management, and quality control, and establish long-term contractual relationships with them. This can be more beneficial than buying the corresponding services from other vendors, thereby eliminating or reducing the corresponding transaction costs.