profit profit The Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy sponsored award is one of the most competitive categories in the Trade Association Forum’s annual awards. It recognises a successful initiative, by a trade association, to tackle an important issue that will drive the future prosperity and growth of its members. Hybrid cars, which add an internal combustion engine to pure electric vehicles, aim to reduce the pollution of cars and improve the mileage of pure electric vehicles. Hybrid vehicles have serial and parallel structure. Financial staff are used to dividing the investment payback period into long-term, intermediate and short-term periods. The term usually refers to more than five years, short term generally refers to a period of less than one year, and the middle term is somewhere in between. Managers also use long, medium and short term to describe the plan. Long-term plan describes the organization in a quite long period (usually more than 5 years) and the development direction of policy, regulation on the group's various departments over a longer period of time in some activities should reach the goal and requirements, mapped the organization long-term development blueprint. Short-term plans specifically provides for all departments of an organization in the current stage, to the future the shorter period especially in the recent period of time, which should be engaged in activities, engaged in such activities should meet the requirement, and thus provides a basis for the ACTS of all members of the organization. Brexit offers a chance to "reshape the structure of the UK economy", but the impact of regulatory barriers could hurt carmakers and the financial sector. Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits. Cylinder work volume refers to the volume of gas swept by the piston from the top to the bottom, also known as single cylinder displacement, depending on the cylinder diameter and the piston stroke. Engine displacement is the total volume of working volume of each cylinder, usually expressed in milliliter (CC). Engine displacement is one of the most important structural parameters. It is more representative of engine size than cylinder diameter and cylinder number, and many indicators of engine are closely related to displacement. People in the choice is to hold their currencies, or hold a certain foreign borrowing money, the first and want to hold what kind of currency brought him great benefits. And the yield of currencies first is measured by its financial market interest rates.