project profitability index formula The response to multifactor values is rigid. Rigid instinct (also called the unconditioned reflex) refers to several different tropism in a certain direction organically to form a complete reflex arc reaction mode, it is congenital formation of lower animals, to determine the external stimulation produced by the reaction of the relatively fixed form. Rigid instincts are organisms after a long period of natural selection, gradually formed the low passively adapt to the environment of a kind of way of life, it is born, determined by the genetic factors, to appear without the need for training the day after tomorrow. For example, mechanical stimulation of the coelenterates and arthropods; The newborn's grip reflex, sucking reflex and adult knee jerk reflex, scratching reflex, etc. Instinct is the development form of tropism, rigidity of compound stimuli from a specific things comprehensive response, it makes the organism and the external environment to produce a higher level of coherence, formation of more advanced orderly structure. Anyway, rigid instinct is lower biological things outside of the value of multiple factors is the primary way of ordering reaction, is on the tropism, extension, and the synthesis, make tropism has more purposeful, tropism is get distillation. The category of surplus value clearly reflects the antagonism between capital and labor, because it is the multiplication of variable capital and is possessed by the capitalist without compensation; And the category of profit, it seems, means that capital itself can create a new value. This reversal is the inevitable product of capitalist mode of production. First, because the constant capital + variable capital (c+v) consumed by the capitalist production is converted into cost price, thus concealing the essential difference between the invariant capital (c) and the variable capital (v); Second, because Labour costs into wages, show the labor remuneration, so surplus value into profit, has nothing to do with laborer labor, virtually the only product of the total capital; Finally, the surplus value into profit, on the premise of rate of surplus value into profit margins, namely by means of profit margins, only costs more than the forehead has translate into profits, further into the upfront costs in a certain cycle period more than the balance of its own price. In real life, industry companies is usually based on the established level of profitability, and then obtained the expected LiRunLiang on profit margins by prepaid cost, but it is not a subjective illusion, but objectively completely possible. The scientific argument and practice shows that this profit is actually the increment of variable cost. In short, profit is an intrinsic or an entity, while the rest is an external phenomenon or form. Many simple ones that you can start with are painting. Painting can come in a lot of forms. For the really children, they're going to love fingerpainting. Older children will like experimenting with tempra paints. Watercolors make the perfect fit for all ages as they can challenge the advanced artist and so are safe for even the toddlers. Western economists further point out that the main factor that leads to the difference between trading costs in markets and businesses is the incompleteness of information. Because of the incompleteness of the information. Any party of a contract will be trying to collect, information and access to what they didn't have to monitor each other's behavior, and try to constraints, and afterwards to punish in advance of each other's default behavior and so on. All these practices produce transaction costs. As a result of these practices in the market and the enterprise can take different forms, so the corresponding transaction costs is not the same, in particular, under the condition of asymmetric information, in the process of market transactions, transaction cost, as a result of these practices are often very high. Therefore, through the organizational form of enterprises, some market transactions can be internalized to eliminate or reduce the high transaction costs generated by some market exchanges. The U.S. energy information administration (EIA) data also showed that in 2016, people and cargo transportation energy consumption accounted for about 29 percent of total U.S. energy consumption. Of these, about 92 percent of the total energy consumed by the U.S. transportation department is petroleum products. Compression ratio The European central bank's interest rate and previous decision to taper its bond purchases have been stable: capfafenbach E CB staff predicted that the inflation rate would reach 1.4 PC by 2018, rising to 1.7 PC 2020 GDP growth of 2.3 PC next year - 0.5 percentage point upgrade - but will slow to 1.6 PC in 2020, it said.