raising katahdin sheep profit Modern economy, the interest rate as the price of money, not only restricted by many factors in the economic and social, and changes in interest rates to have a great impact on the economy as a whole, as a result, modern economists are studying the interest rate decision problem, pay special attention to the relationship between the variables and the balance of the economy as a whole, the interest rate decision theory has experienced the classical interest rate theory, Keynes's interest theory, interest rate in loanable funds theory and is-lm analysis as well as the contemporary evolution of dynamic interest rate model, the development process. Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits. The other part of the republican strategy (known as "starve the beast") tax cut higher deficits will be used to fight for the so-called entitlement spending cuts, such as medicare, medicaid, food stamps and social security. Again, this is a risky proposition because the elderly, the middle class and the low-income americans depend heavily on these programs. Yes, the working and non-working poor, who get welfare or food stamps, include minorities who tend to vote for the Democratic Party. But the millions of blue-collar, socially conservative whites who voted for Mr Trump relied on these and similar schemes. "British shoppers more savvy than ever before, and ready to search the best deals on the net, the gimmicks and discount stores provide more and more sensible, many people now realize that may not be as they first appear. The differences between the two countries are significant because the basic national conditions and economic system of the two countries are fundamentally different. Planned economy and planned economy into market economy, the stage because the traditional pattern of economic and financial structure, imperative the mandatory administrative regulations directly effective, fast, accurate, coupled with the central bank's marketization operation ability is limited, the lack of experience, the benchmark interest rate to today still become society's widespread interest rate decision criteria. The fed is highly marketable, with each "federal funds rate" adjusting to market results after open market operations. Western economists further point out that the main factor that leads to the difference between trading costs in markets and businesses is the incompleteness of information. Because of the incompleteness of the information. Any party of a contract will be trying to collect, information and access to what they didn't have to monitor each other's behavior, and try to constraints, and afterwards to punish in advance of each other's default behavior and so on. All these practices produce transaction costs. As a result of these practices in the market and the enterprise can take different forms, so the corresponding transaction costs is not the same, in particular, under the condition of asymmetric information, in the process of market transactions, transaction cost, as a result of these practices are often very high. Therefore, through the organizational form of enterprises, some market transactions can be internalized to eliminate or reduce the high transaction costs generated by some market exchanges.