chart of accounts for non profit organization The determination of this ratio mainly depends on the supply and demand relationship between the two sides and the competition. In general, the interest rate falls when the supply exceeds demand. Interest rates rise when demand exceeds supply. In addition, law, habit and so on also have a larger role. Marx's theory is of guiding significance to explain the question of interest rate decision under socialized production. It is not obvious in some analyses, but it is important to note that economic profits include opportunity costs. The profit of an entrepreneur (normal profit) is usually positive, but economic profit can be either positive or negative (loss). That's why the opportunity cost is included: in a completely competitive market, when marginal cost equals marginal revenue, profit maximization or loss minimization conditions arise. If the market price is lower than the total average cost, which means that the economic profit is negative, the entrepreneur needs to compare the value of the loss and the average variable cost. If the business continues to operate, the negative economic profit must not be lower than the average variable cost, otherwise the entrepreneur would rather shut down the company than continue to take the loss. Macroeconomics' need for government intervention ' The division of labor is becoming more and more elaborate, the process is more and more complicated, and the coordination is more strict. To put these complex organisms organized scientifically, make each link and department activities can join each other in time, space and Numbers, both around the overall objectives, and acted, coordinate each other, there must be a strict plan. The organization, coordination, control and so on in management, if there is no plan, is as unthinkable as the automobile assembly plant without the design of the process. In his theory, money supply is controlled by the central bank and is an exogenous variable with no interest rate elasticity. At this point, monetary demand depends on people's psychological "liquidity preference". This two days of U.S. stocks in the capital market, there was a dark horse, the named Longfin company, in just two days, rose more than 2000%, and due to rise too fast, multiple trigger exchange circuit breakers. It is understood that the company is mainly engaged in the use of artificial intelligence technology to provide financial services. Longfin (NASDAQ: LFIN), which was founded in February, has been trading on the NASDAQ stock exchange since last week at $5 a share, a very young start-up.