bylaws for non profit Macroeconomics' need for government intervention ' The form of shares is the share certificate. Different types of joint-stock enterprises, the specific form of their share certificates are different. Among them, only the limited company is used to express the company shares the form is the stock. Stock shall be recorded according to the amount of capital represented by the shares and shall be recorded by shareholders' share of capital contribution and shareholder rights for the public subscription and transfer of transactions. Holding a stock means owning a stake in a limited company, acquiring a shareholder's qualification, and exercising shareholder rights. 1. The accounting income is based on the actual economic business of the enterprise, and the sales revenue obtained from selling products or providing services is deducted from the cost of actual sales revenue. These economic businesses include both external and internal transactions. Business activities with the outside world transfer the assets or liabilities of an enterprise, since it is usually a direct monetary income, so its measurement is generally accurate. The use or transfer of assets within an enterprise, as a result of a non-direct monetary balance, is usually not accurate. According to traditional accounting views, changes in market prices or expected prices are not included in the transfer of internal assets. When a transaction occurs, the price of an old asset is usually transferred to the new asset, which is the measurement of the proceeds of the transaction. The transaction method automatically deduces the process of determining income during sales or trading, as well as the cost transfer practice in accounting. As hicks income concept did not specify what is called "equal wealth", and thus the income concept formed the basis of many debates concept, and the theory of accounting earnings, especially the capital preservation theory has a great influence. In accounting, people used to call "maintaining the same level of affluence" as capital preservation. Another element of the market-tracking plan is determining the number of foreign exchange futures markets to track and the number of transactions to be traded within a certain period of time. Suppose a speculator decides to enter the foreign exchange futures market. He is going to take out $10,000 to speculate. He selected the broker bank and registered representative, opened an account, and deposited the money. To be on the safe side, he decided to do sterling business first and then gain some experience before entering other markets.