gross operating profit It is also worth noting that in 1985, the financial accounting standards board released the concept of income from the concept framework (SFAC)NO. 6. In 1989, the international accounting standards board's framework for preparing and providing financial statements made clear that benefits also included unrealized gains. In 1997, FASB's FASB N0.130 required a full return; In 1998, IASC's IAS NO.1 required the preparation of an equity change table, a comprehensive income statement, including the benefit of reflecting corporate assets. There is no ambiguity in the objective of the concrete plan. For example, business sales managers intend to increase sales by 15 percent over the next six months, and he will formulate specific procedures, budget plans, and schedule schedules, which is the concrete plan. Guideline plans only some general guidelines and action principle, favors the actors free disposition, it points out that the key but don't limit actors on the specific target or specific action plan. For example, a specific plan to increase sales may require a 15 per cent increase in sales over the next six months, while a guidance plan may limit sales by 12 to 16 per cent over the next six months. Compared with the guidance plan, the concrete plan is easier to carry out, assess and control, but lacks the flexibility, and its requirements for clarity and predictability are often difficult to satisfy. Economic profits in perfect competition and monopolistic competition market has a special purpose, a positive profit can attract more enterprises to enter the market, increasing competition and push the market equilibrium price low, exclude some enterprises lack of competitiveness in the market, to achieve long-term equilibrium; On the contrary, negative economic profit can eliminate some of the original enterprises in the market, because the supply is reduced, the market equilibrium price will be pushed up, and the long-term equilibrium will be achieved. The result of the two cases is that economic profits disappear from each manufacturer and the manufacturer's total income is at the lowest point of average cost. Online Academic Journals: On the off chance that you are a scholar with a college, you should have entry through your foundation's library to most online adaptations of scholarly diaries, and will be capable to download papers and articles in PDF structure, or other configuration, just like as eBooks. Doing a Google seek on the point of your article and prefixing it with "Exploration:" may help you discover these diaries, or perhaps your college's library homepage may have a "revelation" segment that can point you within the right course.