profit maximizing behavior Canning's view What the central bank can do to prevent the threat to its independence becomes more transparent. They can announce the votes of individual board members on all matters related to the policy and publish the minutes without delay. They can hold more press conferences and be less trite in explaining their policies. They can avoid debate on issues far from their task. They can admit that politicians have a right to determine the central bank's mission objectives. Activity-based costing (ABC) is an effective management technique for assigning and manipulating the overhead costs. Overhead expense analysis and assignment can be achieved more accurate by utilizing ABC methods for a variety of products, for product expenses and profitability analysis and for appropriate distribution and control over the overheads. This week, interest rate debt in developed countries in Europe and the United States suffered a massive sell-off. Affected by this, the yield curve of government bonds has been changed to a steep and steep trend. Compression ratio refers to the ratio between the total volume of the cylinder and the volume of the combustion chamber, which indicates the degree of gas compression in the cylinder when the piston moves from the lower stop to the upper stop. Compression ratio is an important parameter to measure the performance of automobile engine. The report also supports the government's plan to cut its annual budget deficit this year.