explain profit and loss 2. Accounting earnings are based on the assumption of accounting instalments, which refers to the production and operation results of a certain period of time. Early accounting earnings is calculated according to the cash basis, and the modern accounting earnings is according to the classification current income and expenses of accrual basis, after the appropriate ratio calculated. However, the benefits of cash determination are more acceptable to users. The fund's managing director Christine Lagarde said Christine Lagarde, in June 2016, voted to leave the European Union has an impact, the British economic growth this year and in other parts of the world economic growth. 6. The accounting benefit is bound by the prudent principle. According to the principle of prudence, when there are a variety of accounting methods to choose from an economic business of an enterprise, it should choose a method that neither overestimates nor depreciates the benefits. Enterprises manipulate profits to achieve homogenization of profits, most of which adopt the method of overestimating earnings, and the subjective selection of the period of value-added.