oil and gas accounting Point five: look at the repayment risk. Reimbursement risk fee, is that when investors corresponding borrower overdue list creditor's rights or bad debts, so risk fee reimbursement amount of account can be used to repay the principal and interest first, this will let next fall risk level, safety coefficient is relatively high, so it is more important, investors when the choice must be made sure. Although a lot of people have taunted on her behalf tall and skinny stature, but Ana Ward's figure is surely an advantage inside modeling world. In fact, the impossibly thin and freaky-looking girl has entered the Cycle 15 of America's Next Top Model. After defeating 22-year-old Chelsea Hersley for being the newest "Top Model", Ann said, “I\'m so honored at this time. All those surveys are about being too tall or just being not normal”. The evolution of human beings has been through the process of inorganic small molecule, organic small molecule, organic polymer, multi-molecular system, primitive life, low animal, high animal and so on. The value phenomenon is accompanied by the development of human beings, and it is important to understand the origin of value in order to understand the value in a comprehensive and profound way, and to eliminate the many controversies existing in the theoretical circle of value. Humans evolved from lower animals, and the value phenomenon is not born, nor is it produced overnight. It has its own origins and evolves with the evolution of human beings. Followed by Edwards and bear published in his 1961 book "the theory of corporate earnings and measurement of the current operating profit is defined as the sales revenue more than the amount of current production and cost of sales, which can realize the cost savings is in this issue of asset price increases, which can realize the history of the cost savings are the pin commodity costs and the difference between the current purchase price; The realized capital gains are the amount of sales revenue greater than the historical cost when dealing with long-term assets. They argue that "these incremental sums provide investors with a reasonable starting point for measuring the scale of relative affluence and a detailed analysis of the company's operating results and comparable financial conditions". They stress that any full income analysis should take into account both realized and unrealized benefits and classify them by source. When are advantageous to occur, such as no record, will not only lead to current income can't reflect, but also can lead to later to sell assets to income and related costs to wrong ratio; Operating earnings and, on the other hand, the production gains is usually produced by different management decisions, and adopted different circulation form, therefore, make the same comment on both, will weaken the role of the income statement. With the development of productivity and social progress, the enterprise form has been continuously developed and improved. The evolution of an enterprise mainly goes through three stages "Manufacturing companies with complex and lengthy international supply chains, such as the automotive industry, could also face significant challenges. These developments could also have a significant impact on productivity growth. "