wti crude oil price In theoretical economics, investment means buying (and therefore producing) capital goods - not being consumed but being used in future production. Examples include building railroads, or factories, cleaning the land, or allowing yourself to go to college. Strictly speaking, investment in formula GDP= C + I + G + NX is also part of gross domestic product. In that respect, the function of investment is divided into non-residential investments (such as factories, machinery, etc.) and residential investment (new homes). The correlation between I = (Y, I) is known to have a close relationship with income and interest rates. Higher incomes would boost higher investment, but higher interest rates would discourage investment because it would be more expensive to borrow. Even if companies choose to use their own funds to invest, interest rates represent the opportunity cost of investing in those funds rather than the interest that will lend out. Interest rates have a very important impact on the exchange rate, which is the most important factor affecting the exchange rate. We know that the exchange rate is the relative price between the two countries' currencies. Like other commodity pricing mechanisms, it is determined by the supply and demand relationship in the foreign exchange market. Foreign exchange is a kind of financial asset, which people hold because it can bring the benefits of capital. Western economists further point out that the main factor that leads to the difference between trading costs in markets and businesses is the incompleteness of information. Because of the incompleteness of the information. Any party of a contract will be trying to collect, information and access to what they didn't have to monitor each other's behavior, and try to constraints, and afterwards to punish in advance of each other's default behavior and so on. All these practices produce transaction costs. As a result of these practices in the market and the enterprise can take different forms, so the corresponding transaction costs is not the same, in particular, under the condition of asymmetric information, in the process of market transactions, transaction cost, as a result of these practices are often very high. Therefore, through the organizational form of enterprises, some market transactions can be internalized to eliminate or reduce the high transaction costs generated by some market exchanges. Edwards and bell's point of view British Glass is calling for seminar presentations, based on practical examples of large manufacturing businesses securing funding for improvement in energy efficiency and carbon reduction, for a one-day glass industry event in November 2017. The market in the narrow sense is the place where buyers and sellers exchange goods. Micron will focus on the technology transition of DRAM and NAND, as well as revenue share growth in 2018, and will consider expanding manufacturing capacity in 2019 and beyond.