oil city school district The concept of accounting income is called accounting income. According to the traditional view, the accounting income refers to the difference between the realized income and the corresponding expenses. It has the following characteristics: The market is the condition that Commodity Exchange is carried out smoothly, it is commodity circulation domain all Commodity Exchange activity total. The market system is made up of all kinds of professional market, such as goods and services market, financial market, labor market, technology market, information market, the real estate market, cultural market, a complete system of tourism market, etc. At the same time, each professional market in the market system has its special functions, which are interdependent and mutually restricted, and work together in the social economy. The theory of modern political economy in China holds that the profit under the socialist system is the form of the value of the surplus products created by the workers for the society. The value composition of the product is c+v+m,c+v is converted into production cost, and the m is part of the surplus product created by the laborer for the society, which translates into profit for the enterprise. The specific form of socialist profit is: to realize profit, that is, the balance of the sales revenue of the enterprise minus the expenses of various expenses; To pay the profits in accordance with the provisions to the national financial department; After tax profit, that is, the profit of the enterprise shall be returned to the enterprise in accordance with the state provisions. The independent of interest is of positive significance to show the active role of the fund users in the reproduction process. First of all, it costs transaction cost for the manufacturer to purchase intermediate products in the market. It includes the cost of seeking suitable suppliers, signing contracts and supervising contract execution. If the manufacturer can produce some intermediate products within the enterprise itself, it can eliminate or reduce some transaction costs, and can better guarantee the quality of the products. Second, if the manufacturers need is a special type of specialized equipment, the supplier does not generally willing to specialize in only a buyer of the product of the investment and production, because this kind of proprietary investment risk is bigger. Therefore, vendors that need this specialized device need to solve the problem of specialized devices within the enterprise. In the end, the manufacturers hire employees with specialized skills, such as specialized product design, cost management, and quality control, and establish long-term contractual relationships with them. This can be more beneficial than buying the corresponding services from other vendors, thereby eliminating or reducing the corresponding transaction costs.