who performed the oil drop experiment Quality control indicators include: gasoline antiknock property (research octane number, motor octane number, antiknock index), sulfur content, vapor pressure, contents of olefins, aromatics, benzene content, corrosion, distillation range, etc. In January 2014, the national general motors (gm) IV standard was used. The state administration of quality supervision and inspection and the national standards commission issued the mandatory national standards for motor vehicles in phase V. The plan is to be implemented at the end of 2016. The sulfur content is the most critical environmental protection indicator in vehicle gasoline. In order to further reduce the emission of vehicle pollutants, the national V standard lowers the sulfur content limit from 50ppm in the fourth stage to 10ppm, which is 80% lower. Manganese has the potential risk to human health, and the vehicle emission control system will also have adverse effects. According to the principle of prevention, the limit value of the manganese content indicator is reduced from 8mg/L in the fourth stage to 2mg/L, which stipulates that no artificial addition is allowed. In order to further reduce the photochemical pollution caused by the evaporation of gasoline, and reduce the gas intake system of the automobile engine, the national five standard reduced the level of olefin from 28% to 24% in the fourth stage. Due to the decrease of octane number caused by the reduction of sulfur and manganese, the number of gasoline used in phase V was adjusted from 90, 93 and 97 to 89, 92 and 95 respectively. At the same time, considering the development trend of the automobile industry, the index requirements of motor gasoline are added in the standard appendices. In fact, value has its objective existence form and its subjective reflection form. Subjective value can be divided into two specific forms: values and emotions. Among them, values are people's understanding of absolute value, or people's understanding of value absoluteness. Emotion is the perception of relative value, or the relative understanding of value. Values (or emotional) and the value of relationship in essence is the relationship of subjective and objective: on the one hand, the objective value decision and restricts the subjective value, subjective value is to reflect the objective value, based on the objective value, and around the objective value fluctuates up and down; On the other hand, subjective value has certain relative independence, and has a certain reaction to objective value, which can induce, strengthen or restrict the objective value. Some western economists believe that enterprises as an organizational form of production are, in part, an alternative to the market. Why? (2) enterprise liquidation or transfer of wholly owned subsidiaries and holding more than 95% of the business, should according to the state administration of taxation on printing < enterprise reorganization restructuring on certain questions in the business income tax provisional regulation > notice (guoshuifa (1998) no. 97) of the relevant provisions. Where the investor shall share the accumulated undistributed profit and accumulated surplus of the investor, the income from the dividend of the investor shall be recognized. In order to avoid double taxation on after-tax profits, it will affect the restructuring activities of the enterprise and, when the equity transfer proceeds of the investment party are calculated, the income from the dividend will be deducted from the transfer income. Central bankers' tasks are limited to keeping inflation stable and independence easier to maintain. Given this narrow mandate, the allocation of central bank decisions is limited. Moreover, it is easier to explain how the central bank's policy tools are linked to its political mandate.