bosch oil filters He has been paying fixed-rate bonds since the month of savings, when they reached record lows Positive economic profit is sometimes described as excess profit. (3) monetary benefits -- increase the monetary value of assets. There are both measurable and unquantifiable benefits in these three different forms of income. Among them: mental income is too strong to measure, monetary gain is easy to measure because of the static concept of value change. Economists, therefore, focus only on actual earnings. This week's sell-off coincided with his prediction.