orange oil termite treatment Because economists understand earnings as actual material wealth increase, accounting experts think the output value of more than the difference between the input value is profits, there is a contradiction and two kinds of income concept. The specific performance is: Canning's view Hybrid cars, which add an internal combustion engine to pure electric vehicles, aim to reduce the pollution of cars and improve the mileage of pure electric vehicles. Hybrid vehicles have serial and parallel structure. In terms of the purchase of intermediate products in the market, because a lot of manufacturers are generally buy goods from a handful of suppliers, it is beneficial to this a few suppliers to achieve economies of scale and reduce the cost of production. Moreover, market competition pressure between intermediate product suppliers forces suppliers to reduce production costs. In addition, when a few suppliers in the face of many intermediate products of demanders, these a few suppliers can be avoided due to the limited market demand caused by unstable, the loss that may lead to maintain a stable overall sales. 2. The factory system period First of all, it costs transaction cost for the manufacturer to purchase intermediate products in the market. It includes the cost of seeking suitable suppliers, signing contracts and supervising contract execution. If the manufacturer can produce some intermediate products within the enterprise itself, it can eliminate or reduce some transaction costs, and can better guarantee the quality of the products. Second, if the manufacturers need is a special type of specialized equipment, the supplier does not generally willing to specialize in only a buyer of the product of the investment and production, because this kind of proprietary investment risk is bigger. Therefore, vendors that need this specialized device need to solve the problem of specialized devices within the enterprise. In the end, the manufacturers hire employees with specialized skills, such as specialized product design, cost management, and quality control, and establish long-term contractual relationships with them. This can be more beneficial than buying the corresponding services from other vendors, thereby eliminating or reducing the corresponding transaction costs.