0 20w oil Investment in securities provides an important channel for the society to raise funds, which is an effective way for enterprises to raise direct financing. In just three days, the yield on the 30-year Treasury bond jumped 16 basis points, the biggest gain since December 2008. The two-year - 30-year spread widened at the fastest rate since last year's U.S. election. This week the yield curve flattens out. Is it a short adjustment or a bear market start? In many tries to define the definition of 'time'; we sometimes make use of the very word as part of the definition. Although time is definitely an ever-present concern of humans; this only clearly demonstrates the issue in formulating an obvious precise and easily understood definition this agreement we are going to all universally agree and accept. The differences between the two countries are significant because the basic national conditions and economic system of the two countries are fundamentally different. Planned economy and planned economy into market economy, the stage because the traditional pattern of economic and financial structure, imperative the mandatory administrative regulations directly effective, fast, accurate, coupled with the central bank's marketization operation ability is limited, the lack of experience, the benchmark interest rate to today still become society's widespread interest rate decision criteria. The fed is highly marketable, with each "federal funds rate" adjusting to market results after open market operations. To do this, monetary and fiscal policymakers must work together, including letting the central bank liquidate its budget deficit in extreme circumstances. But central bank independence is an obstacle, not a help, in working with the financial sector.