picture of steam locomotive
Exhaust gases are generated from the combustion chamber after the air-fuel mixture is burnt through the Power Stroke. These exhaust gases are "thrown out" in the combustion chamber through the Exhaust Stroke. The exhaust gases, including NOx, move through the Exhaust Valve, the Exhaust Passages and finally towards the atmosphere over the Exhaust System. The hard starting problems of diesel engines in below zero / freezing temperatures are generated by two factors. One is the initial cold air being drawn in to the turbocharger and compressed in the engine?s cylinder head. The second is the fuel itself, is also cold and also this sub zero / freezing temperature fuel is sprayed to the cold engine?s combustion chamber, where it mixes while using cold air drawn thru turbocharger.