ebay usa motors classic cars Palmer said: "I'm worried about the British retailers are now in the midst of a perfect storm, interest rate decisions in November, rising inflation, real wages, falling credit availability and the UK to take off the European uncertainty increased, these during the Christmas season for caused an unprecedented pressure on household budgets, pushed consumer confidence to historic lows. "Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits. According to this model, the interest rate decision depends on the supply of savings and investment needs, money supply, money demand, four factors, cause a change in the saving investment, money supply and demand factors will affect the level of interest rates. This theory is characterized by general equilibrium analysis. In order to overcome the rear overreach of the ship's car, a strong air eddy effect was created when the car was traveling at high speed, and people developed fish shaped cars like the back of a fish. In 1952, general motors' buick sedan ushered in the era of fish cars. In terms of the shape of the car's back, a fish-type car is similar to a beetle. But as observed carefully, will find fish type car back and ground into the Angle is small, the tail is longer, around the body of the air flow is relatively easier, so vortex flow resistance is also relatively small. Wedge car Famous British economist hicks and others argue that the above theory did not consider the factor of income, and therefore unable to determine the level of interest rates, in 1937, and puts forward the is-lm model on the basis of general equilibrium theory. It establishes a theory of interest rates and income at the same time that the four factors of savings and investment, money supply and monetary demand interact.