packard motor car company When the UK government launched its Decarbonisation and energy efficiency roadmap 2050 project – working with the UK’s eight most energy intensive manufacturing industries, including glass – British Glass saw an opportunity to develop a new type of relationship with policy makers. The investment quantity is the decreasing function of interest rate, saving is the increment function of interest rate, and the change of interest rate depends on the equilibrium point of investment quantity and saving amount. Keynes's theory of money supply and demand decided that interest rates were a monetary factor rather than an actual factor. Workers in the category for caring, leisure and other service occupations earn £218 more on average than equivalent full-time members of staff, while temporary managers and directors enjoy a £2,477 pay boost compared to full-timers. Any transaction can be seen as a contract between the two parties. The so-called transaction cost can be seen as the cost of the transaction contract. According to Mr Coase and others, a type of transaction costs arise from the accidental factors that occur when a deal is signed. These incidental factors may not be written into the contract due to the fact that they could not be foreseen in advance, or although they could be foreseen, they could not be written into the contract due to too many factors. Another type of transaction costs is the signing of contracts and the cost of monitoring and enforcing contracts.