peters motor cars advertising Money supply is determined by the central bank of exogenous variables, the demand for money depends on the liquidity preference of people, when people's liquidity preference to enhance tend to increase the money hold, so rates are determined by the liquidity preference in joint decision currency demand and currency supply; Loanable ZiJinLun combines the first two interest rate determinism, that interest rate is determined by the supply and demand of loanable funds, including the total savings and new bank money supply and demand including the total investment and new currency demand, interest rate decision depends on common commodity market and money market equilibrium The international monetary fund (IMF) being worried, said discuss decomposition "disorderly exit may lead to the European Union, asset prices fall sharply", and is yet to be completed task list "is very long, so the time is ambitious". Palmer said: "I'm worried about the British retailers are now in the midst of a perfect storm, interest rate decisions in November, rising inflation, real wages, falling credit availability and the UK to take off the European uncertainty increased, these during the Christmas season for caused an unprecedented pressure on household budgets, pushed consumer confidence to historic lows. "Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits. The average interest rate on fixed-rate bonds has also increased. According to data firm Moneyfacts, the two-year average bond rate has risen by 41 percentage points, while the average price of three-year bonds has risen by 32 percentage points, as shown below.