indus motors used cars Palmer said: "I'm worried about the British retailers are now in the midst of a perfect storm, interest rate decisions in November, rising inflation, real wages, falling credit availability and the UK to take off the European uncertainty increased, these during the Christmas season for caused an unprecedented pressure on household budgets, pushed consumer confidence to historic lows. "Historically, the concept of income has first appeared in economics. Adam Smith, in the wealth of nations, defined income as "the amount of consumption that is not eroded by capital", and saw it as an increase in wealth. Later, most economists inherited and developed this view. 1890, ai (Alfred Marshall Maarshell) in its "the principles of economics," the Adam Smith's "wealth increase" enterprise, introduced the concept of earnings, is proposed to distinguish the entity capital and value-added benefits of economic benefits. The accounting income follows the historical cost principle and the matching principle, which is conducive to the objective reflection of the business management responsibility of the enterprise management authorities. But, due to the historical cost principle inherent defects, especially according to the present value of revenue and expenses by historical cost line, makes the calculation of accounting earnings lack of inner logical unity, and the matching principle is difficult to carry out, so that the book value of assets can not reflect its real value, cost cannot be fully compensated. And the economic benefit is measured in the current value, which reflects the actual value of the asset, which is beneficial to the full compensation of the cost. Propagating the value proposition of the public chain to new participants - redefining "profit" to cover economic and social value. The Method and Madness range includes four new Irish whiskeys. Each whiskey has its own twist; a single pot still Irish whiskey finished in French chestnut, a single grain Irish whiskey finished in virgin Spanish oak, a single malt Irish whiskey enhanced by French limousin oak and a 31-year-old single cask, single grain limited edition bottled at cask strength. It is generally believed that the v-shaped engine is a relatively advanced engine, which also becomes a symbol of the sedan grade. At present, the most common engines are the straight-line 4 cylinder (L4) and v-type 6 cylinder (V6) engine. In general, the V6 engine has a higher displacement than L4, and the V6 engine runs smoothly and quietly than the L4 engine. A V6 engine is usually mounted on a mid-grade sedan.